6.2.6 - Why Now? Computation

Moore's Law

Number of Transistors on microchips doubles every two years

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Moore’s Law Dead by 2022

Moore's Law was a rare exponential growth factor that over 30 years brought speed boosts from 1 MHz to 5 GHz, a 3,500-fold increase.

By contrast, the best advances in clever architectures delivered about 50x increases over the same period

It is about the architecture not just frequency

AI Essential Part of Chip Architecture

AI is fabricated in every new chip - Apple M1

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Armv9 Includes Machine Learning Architecturally

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AI Technology Stack - Hardware Acceleration

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Tensor Processing Unit - Cloud AI

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Edge AI Is The Next Wave of AI

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Drivers of Edge Computing and Edge AI

Privacy

Security

Latency

Load Balancing

Swarm Learning for decentralized and confidential clinical machine learning

Swarm Learning—a decentralized machine-learning approach that unites edge computing, blockchain-based peer-to-peer networking and coordination while maintaining confidentiality without the need for a central coordinator, thereby going beyond federated learning

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AI making AI Chips - Automating Microchip planning

Chip design like fabrication is going to be Automated. Surreal!

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Quantum Computing

Quantum supremacy using a programmable superconducting processor

“It looks like Google has given us the first experimental evidence that quantum speed-up is achievable in a real-world system,” says Michelle Simmons

Quantum Machine Learning and the Power of Data

Propose a projected quantum model that provides a simple and rigorous quantum speed-up for a learning problem

Demonstrate a significant prediction advantage over some classical models

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Huang et al. 2021 - Power of data in quantum machine learning.pdf1888.8KB

Quantum Computing Is Coming. What Can It Do?

Goldman Sachs recently announced that they could introduce quantum algorithms to price financial instruments in as soon as five years

Machine Learning an Integral Part of creating Quantum-Advantage

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bcg-what-happens-when-if-turns-to-when-in-quantum-computing-jul-2021.pdf1926.1KB